Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE106231: O-GlcNAcylation of human TATA-Box binding protein is required to sustain key metabolic enzyme gene expression

Bulk RNA sequencing

Cellular homeostasis is ensured by myriad cellular processes that integrate environmental changes and maintain stability within the organism. Variation in nutrient availability can be reflected by the post-translational modification of many proteins by the nutrient sensor O-GlcNAcylation. Herein, we describe a molecular mechanism of transcription regulation by O-GlcNAcylation of the TATA-box binding protein (TBP). We show that O-GlcNAcylation regulates its interaction with BTAF1, hence, formation of the B-TFIID complex, and its dynamic cycling on and off of DNA. We mapped three O-GlcNAcylation sites at the N-terminus of TBP and defined T114 as a main regulator of the interaction with BTAF1. CRISPR/Cas9 editing of wild-type TBP replaced by a T114A mutant, leads to profound modification of HeLa cells glucose and lipid metabolism and gene expression profile. These data indicate that basal transcription machinery, via O-GlcNAcylation of TBP, can integrate nutrient availability and modulate the transcriptome, resulting in adaptation of cellular metabolism. SOURCE: Gerald,W,HartHart Lab Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

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