Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE146247: SIRT7 counteracts mesenchymal stem cell senescence via stabilizing heterochromatin

Bulk RNA sequencing

Human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) senescence contributes to the imbalance of tissue homeostasis during aging. However, the connection between Sirtuin 7 (SIRT7) and hMSC homeostasis remains unclear. Here, we discovered a pivotal role of SIRT7 in protecting hMSC from senescence. We detected a decreased expression of SIRT7 during hMSC aging, while overexpression of which reversed premature hMSC senescence phenotypes. Mechanistically, we proved SIRT7 as a novel interacting protein of the heterochromatin complex, whose deficiency disrupted heterochromatin organization, thereby contributing to the derepression of the retrotransposon Long Interspersed Element 1 (LINE1 or L1). SIRT7-deficient hMSCs accumulated LINE1 in cytoplasm stimulating innate immune response by activated the cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) and its downstream signaling effector stimulator of interferon genes (STING). Moreover, reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (RTis), such as Lamivudine (3TC), attenuated these senescence phenotypes of SIRT7-deficient hMSCs. Taken together, our findings identify SIRT7-heterochromatin via LINE1-cGAS/STING influence innate immune response, which contributes more comprehensive understanding of the physiological and function of SIRT7 and help us to find novel targets for the treatment of aging and aging relative diseases. SOURCE: Zunpeng Liu ( - Jing Qu State Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Reproductive Biology

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