Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE124772: A nutritional memory impairs transcriptional, metabolic and survival response to dietary restriction in old mice

Bulk RNA sequencing

Dietary restriction (DR) during adulthood can greatly extend lifespan and improve metabolic health in diverse species. However, whether DR in mammals is still effective when applied for the first time at old age remains elusive. Here, we conducted a late-life DR switch experiment employing 800 mice, by switching old animals from ad libitum (AL) to DR and vice versa. Strikingly, the switch from DR-to-AL acutely increased mortality, while the switch from AL-to-DR caused only a weak and gradual increase in survival, highlighting a memory of earlier nutrition. A significant association between fat preservation and survival response pointed to the adipose tissue as a potential memory source. Consistently, post-switch RNA-seq profiling in liver, brown (BAT) and white adipose tissue (WAT) demonstrated that the transcriptional and metabolic program of chronic DR remained largely refractory to the AL-to-DR switch in the two fat tissues, particularly in WAT. This loss of transcriptional flexibility coincides with a major proinflammatory signature in aged preadipocytes, which is prevented by chronic DR feeding. Integration of lipidomics confirmed impaired membrane lipogenesis and limited mitochondrial copy number increase under late-life DR as functional consequences of this memory effect. Together, our results provide evidence for a nutritional memory as a limiting factor for DR-induced longevity and metabolic remodeling of WAT in mammals. SOURCE: Oliver Hahn ( - Linda Partridge Max-Planck-Institute for Biology of Ageing

View this experiment on Pluto Bioinformatics