Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE86336: m6A mRNA modifications are deposited in nascent pre-mRNA and are not required for splicing but do specify cytoplasmic turnover

Bulk RNA sequencing

HeLa cell chromatin associated nascent pre-mRNA (CA-RNA) contains many unspliced introns and m6A in exons, but very rarely in introns. m6A methylation of exons in CA-RNA frequently occur before splicing of exons and is essentially completed upon the release of mRNA into the nucleoplasm. m6A modifications are virtually the same in the newly synthesized CA-RNA, nucleoplasmic mRNA in transit and in the steady state cytoplasmic mRNA. This result suggests quantitatively little cytoplasmic methylation or demethylation. Only ~10% of m6As in CA-RNA are within 50 nucleotides of 5' or 3' splice sites arguing against a common splicing function of methylation. Both HeLa and mouse embryonic stem cell mRNAs showed a distinct increase of m6As, some in clusters, in short-lived mRNAs. Thus there is an unanticipated observation that m6A is added to exons presumably coincident with or soon after exon definition in nascent pre-mRNA, linking nuclear methylation to cytoplasmic mRNA stability. SOURCE: Shengdong Ke ( - Laboratory of Molecular Neuro-Oncology The Rockefeller University

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