Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE104243: Distinct distribution of H3K27me3 and DNA methylation stabilizes the segregation of extraembryonic and embryonic lineages

Bulk RNA sequencing

One of the most important topic in mammalian embryogenesis is cell lineage segregation. Briefly, one totipotent zygote will develop into inner cell mass (ICM) and trophectoderm (TE) at blastocyst stage, then the ICM will finally develop into multiple somatic cell lineages and TE will majorly become the placenta tissue which supports and protects the development of the embryo proper. Multiple extrinsic and intrinsic regulatory pathways are involved in facilitating the appropriate development of the embryo. Epigenetic reprogramming is one of the most pervasive events during mouse embryo development(Li, 2002). Recent studies had implied that distinct features for the establishment of DNA methylation(Monk et al., 1987) and histone modifications especially H3K27me3(Liu et al., 2016) during mouse early embryo development. The re-establishment of DNA methylation in early mouse embryos starts at blastocyst stage (about embryonic day 3.5, E3.5) and peaks around the gastrulation stage, while the re-establishment of H3K27me3 exhibits a great level of dynamics and gradually increased CpG preference during pre-implantation embryo development(Liu et al., 2016). However, the underlying epigenetic mechanism concerning the lineage segregation and developmental competence restriction between the pluripotent embryo proper and the supporting extraembryonic tissues especially extraembryonic ectoderm (ExE) remains largely unknown. Surprisingly, no significant difference exists for the distribution of H3K27me3 and DNA methylation between ICM and TE in the preimplantation embryos. Therefore, it is of great importance for unveiling the interplays between H3K27me3 and DNA methylation involving in the restriction of developmental competence between embryonic cells and extraembryonic cells in post-implantation embryos. SOURCE: Naihe Jing ( - shanghai institute of biochemistry and cell biology

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