Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE114922: RNA sequencing of bone marrow CD34+ hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells from patients with myelodysplastic syndrome and healthy controls

Bulk RNA sequencing

SF3B1, SRSF2 and U2AF1 are the most frequently mutated splicing factor genes in MDS. We have performed a comprehensive analysis to determine the impact of these commonly mutated splicing factors on pre-mRNA splicing in the stem/progenitor cells and in the erythroid and myeloid precursors in splicing factor mutant MDS. Using RNA-seq, we determined the aberrantly spliced genes and dysregulated pathways in bone marrow CD34+ cells of a large group of 82 MDS patients. Splicing factor mutations in MDS result in different mechanistic alterations in splicing and largely affect different genes, but these converged in common dysregulated pathways and cellular processes, including RNA splicing, translation and mitochondrial dysfunction, indicating that these mutations operate through common mechanisms in MDS. Many of these dysregulated pathways and cellular processes can be linked to the known disease pathophysiology and to the phenotypes associated with splicing factor mutations in MDS, whilst several others have not been previously associated with MDS, such as sirtuin signalling. SOURCE: Eshita Sharma Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics

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