Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE125472: Human colon organoids reveal distinct physiologic and oncogenic Wnt responses

Bulk RNA sequencing

Constitutive Wnt activation upon loss of Adenoma polyposis coli (APC) acts as main driver of colorectal cancers (CRC). Targeting Wnt signaling has proven difficult because the pathway is crucial for homeostasis and stem cell renewal. To distinguish oncogenic from physiologic Wnt activity, we have performed comprehensive transcriptome and proteome profiling in human colon organoids. Culture in the presence or absence of exogenous ligand allowed us to discriminate receptor-mediated signaling from the effects of CRISPR/Cas9 induced APC loss. We could catalogue two non-overlapping molecular signatures that were stable at distinct levels of stimulation. Newly identified markers for normal colon stem/progenitor cells and adenomas were validated by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. We found that oncogenic Wnt signals are associated with good prognosis in tumors of the consensus molecular subtype 2 (CMS2). In contrast, receptor-mediated signaling was linked to CMS4 tumors and poor prognosis. Together, our data represent a valuable resource for biomarkers that allow more precise stratification of Wnt responses in CRC. SOURCE: Henner,F.,Farin ( - Farin DKTK/Georg-Speyer-Haus

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